Caution: Learning Curve Ahead

In last week’s episode, I warned that dealer groups proceeding aggressively into Digital Retail may suffer for it.  This has gotten some pushback.  Regular readers know that I have been a staunch proponent of Online F&I for many years.  Indeed, my work at PEN and F&I Express has done much to advance the cause. 

I gave this warning in the spirit of full disclosure, and to manage expectations.  Now I am in the awkward position of having to press my charge against a technology which I actually support.  If that sounds complicated, consider this:

Luddites – Veteran F&I Director Justin Gasman, quoted recently in Wards, says that F&I will never be totally digital.  “People who say that are from tech companies,” he quipped.  I call this the Luddite position but, in fairness, I am one of the tech guys he’s referring to.

Boosters – Cox Automotive regularly produces surveys with findings like: 63% of customers would be “more likely” to buy F&I products if they could learn about them online.  Coming from an opinion poll, this is mere boosterism. 

Realists – My position is somewhere between these extremes, hence the warning.  I was addressing the Big Six dealer groups, who are regularly ranked on F&I performance.  I do not want to be the consultant telling Mike Jackson to go all in, and then have to explain why he has slipped out of first place.

If you go to a dealer and say, “Hey, look, we’ve got this great solution, but the profitability is only half of what you had before,” that’s really going to slow down adoption.

Automotive News interviewed some realists last year, and they all share my cautious optimism.  The quote above is from Safe-Guard’s David Pryor.  The consensus goes something like this:

  1. Present F&I products online, early in the process, and include pricing.
  2. Use an API to select the right coverage, and AI to make recommendations.
  3. Experiment with (A/B test) various digital media.
  4. Integrate DR with your instore process, training, and metrics.

Roadster’s COVID-19 Dealer Impact Study found that dealers who already had Digital Retail saw improved gross, while the COVID adopters did not.  “Not a magic bullet,” it says, instead emphasizing the improved efficiency.  Other realists, as here, had the same experience.

Digital Retail is like any other new process.  There is risk, reward, and a learning curve.  That’s not too complicated.

DR and Public Dealer Groups

In today’s post, subtitled, “the good, the bad, and the ugly,” we look at where the Big Six public dealer groups stand on Digital Retail.  Some of them get it, some of them don’t, and others have missed the point.

“Once they start the process online, customers tend to buy a car at a much higher rate than … walking into our showroom” – Daryl Kenningham, Group 1

It’s not essential to spin up a distinct site, though many have taken this approach.  It’s a clever way to get in the same space as Carvana.  Thus, we have new brands Driveway, Clicklane, and Acceleride.  For example, you can enter Group 1’s DR process from either Acceleride or the Group 1 site. 

  • Penske – Penske started experimenting with DR way back in 2015 and something called Preferred Purchase.  Today, it’s still called Preferred Purchase, but it’s the DDC Accelerate system.
  • Group 1 – GP1 recently (2019) launched a Roadster implementation called Acceleride.  It is now selling more than 1,000 units per month, including new cars.  This is the top initiative in their investor deck, clearly showing management attention.
  • Asbury – Asbury was also an early adopter, starting with Drive (2016) and now their own Clicklane offering.  By my count, this is their third experiment – exactly what you want to see with digital transformation.
  • Lithia – Lithia has a branded DR site called Driveway which, unfortunately, requires users to create an account before entering the process.  As I wrote in Design Concepts for Online Car Buying, you don’t create an account until the customer is ready to save a deal.
  • AutoNation – AutoNation has made strategic investments in DR vendors like Vroom, and launched its own AutoNation Express in 2014.  As with Driveway, step one is a lead form.
  • Sonic – Sonic announced a plan to use Darwin but, alas, there is still no sign of DR on either the Sonic or EchoPark site.  Maybe the new eCommerce team will fix that. 

I can understand why new-car dealers might want to start with a lead form.  New cars are commodities, and vulnerable to price shopping.  This is where used-car dealers CarMax and Carvana have an advantage.  Otherwise, DR requires a strong commitment to price transparency.

Digital Retail is synergistic with modern sales practices, like one-touch and hybrid teams.  Sonic is the leader here, and has the highest used-car ratio, so you would expect them to have an edge.

Finally, it’s hard to sell protection products online.  Groups with growing DR penetration are likely to see reduced PVR.  This has long been a knock against Carvana.  Experts agree that the solution here is an AI-based “recommender.” 

Top Digital Retail Systems

I have been writing about Digital Retail for several years now.  Keeping tabs on the players was part of my job at Safe-Guard, and people still call for my notes.  Since I am moving on to a new venture, I figured I would simply publish the list.

First, some notes about the category.  I split out online car dealers, TPC platforms, and finance-first sites.  Obviously, CarMax is omnichannel, but they’re not a software vendor.  My definition of a digital storefront is given here, and I differentiate then from TPC sites here

Anybody with a foothold in the dealer’s website is using it to pivot into digital retail.

The “pivoter” category from this last article is especially relevant, as more and more vendors transition into the space and flesh out their offerings.  Finance-first sites are those, like Rodo and AutoGravity, where customers go for finance and then turn over to a dealer.

List of Automotive Digital Retail Vendors

  • Roadster – Roadster’s Express Storefront was the first to use the “plug-in” delivery strategy.  They are in some very innovative dealers, like Paragon and Galpin. 
  • TagRail – Similar to Roadster.  My pal Kiran using analytics as a differentiator.  Now owned by digital marketing firm Fox.  I wrote about DR and Marketing tie-ups in my survey, DR and Dealer Websites.
  • MotoInsight – I did an OEM project with Moto, and visited their offices in Toronto.  I like the team, and what I especially like is the idea that dealers will use the same system instore that the customer uses online.  I profiled them here.
  • Gubagoo – Gubagoo started as a chat engine, and has now developed a DR solution called Clicklane for Asbury Automotive. Lithia also has a branded DR offering, called Driveway.
  • Modal – Formerly Drive, from serial entrepreneur Aaron Krane.  I cited Krane and Roadster CEO Andy Moss, here, as examples of “disrupters” from outside the industry.  Modal has recently inked a deal with Honda, and raised $15 million in funding.
  • CarNow – Another entrant from the chat space, I was surprised to discover so many dealers using CarNow’s BuyNow plug-in.  It seems to be especially popular on Dealer.com sites.
  • AutoFi – AutoFi expanded successfully from a finance plug-in to full DR with Express Checkout, used by a number of dealers including Ricart Ford.
  • Darwin – Darwin is unique in having pivoted to DR from an instore system.  They’re at Herb Chambers, branded as Smart Buy, and also my local Atlanta dealer, Jim Ellis. 
  • Digital Motors – This is a very new entrant (2020) but a strong team including Andy Hinrichs, formerly of AutoGravity.
  • Dealer eProcess – Getting DR from your website provider seems like a good idea, buy my survey found few instances of it.  Others in this category are Dealer Fire and Dealer Inspire.
  • Make My Deal – MMD is gone now, folded into Accelerate and attached to DDC.  So, it’s in the dealer website category, not a storefront.

Sorry if I missed anyone.  New entrants pop up every day.  I would say that the space is becoming crowded, but there are still thousands of unserved dealers.  Follow my Twitter feed, @ViragConsulting and the #DigitalRetail tag, for regular updates. 

DR and Dealer Websites

I was chatting with my pal Kiran Karunakaran about his new role at Fox Dealer.  You may recall that Kiran’s DR solution, TagRail, was acquired by Fox earlier this year.  At that time, I figured DR would be an absolute requirement for dealer websites, and I expected to see CDK bid for, say, CarNow.  Here are the pairings:

  • Fox Dealer, TagRail
  • Dealer Inspire, Online Shopper
  • Dealer Fire, Precise Price
  • Dealer eProcess, SARA
  • Dealer.com, Accelerate

Note that, with the exception of TagRail, these DR solutions were all developed by their website partners.  Missing are the pure DR startups I usually write about: Roadster, Modal, and Moto.  Maybe they’re better off uncommitted.  I decided to test this theory with a little research.

I went through Wards’ Top 100 Internet Dealers, identifying the website provider for each one, and their DR solution.  The Wards sample skews strongly toward DDC, at 60%.  The Datanyze survey (chart above) has DDC at 18%.  Remember, I am not looking for market share so much as patterns in DR adoption.

For example, 20% of “top internet dealers” had no DR solution.  That was a surprise.  A few of these had cobbled together the Dealertrack frame with Trade Pending and a homebrew payment calculator – not DR as it is usually defined.

Same-vendor pairings for DR and website were rare

Some dealers use the same website and DR solution across all their stores, and some skip around.  Herb Chambers uses DDC and Darwin faithfully except in his Chevy store, which uses CDK and Shop Click Drive.  Paul Rusnak and Fred Anderson are faithful to Roadster and Gubagoo, respectively, but vary their choice of website providers.  Of course, these choices are often mandated by the manufacturer.

Of manufacturer DR preferences, the best known is probably Shop Click Drive, followed by AutoFi.  AutoFi is historically associated with Ford, and still used mainly by Ford dealers.  I did find one Kia dealer in Peoria using AutoFi.  Chrysler’s DriveFCA is powered by Carzato.

Same-vendor pairings for DR and website were rare, at 12%.  These were almost exclusively DDC with Accelerate.  I found one instance of Dealer Inspire with its mate, Online Shopper.  Free-agent DR solutions did much better than those associated with website providers.  Roadster, Darwin, and CarNow together accounted for 59% of DR in the sample dealerships.

As it happens, CDK did not acquire a DR solution.  Instead, they sold their website business to Sincro, a digital marketing company.  The Sincro announcement reminds us that what I am calling the “website business” may also include digital content, advertising, SEO, social, reputation, CRM, and lead-gen.

The right framework is not DR plus website, or even DR plus website and marketing, but a continuum across the customer journey.  The journey begins with the various marketing services required to land the customer on the website, and ends with point-of-sale (POS) systems like menu and desking.

Recall that Roadster, Darwin, and Moto also play in the POS space.  At the other end, there are pure-play marketing agencies that don’t do websites.  You can evaluate strategy for these companies in terms of where they are concentrated along the journey, and where they are extending.

Dealer Fire moved up funnel, through their partnership with Stream, and Fox extended down a notch with TagRail.  Darwin is unique in having moved to DR from point of sale. (I am using the linear model for simplicity. To account for CRM and reputation, you need the loop model.)

My goal here was to explore the synergy between DR and dealer websites, and the answer is that they’re not as compatible as they appear.  Research showed much less crossover than I had expected, between marketing agencies on one side of the BUY NOW button, and DR specialists on the other.

Direct to Consumer VSC Sales

Direct to consumer (D2C) service contract sales can be divided into two broad categories: with and without dealer consent.  This, along with the lifecycle “touchpoint,” determines the choice of tactics. Today’s post will discuss the state of the art for dealer-driven D2C selling.

Direct-to-consumer marketers price VSCs to absorb high cancellation rates and can generate margins in excess of 25% – Gina Cocking

Outfits like Car Shield market directly to consumers using their own advertising and their own lead lists.  These are generally brokers, selling service contracts from their chosen administrators, outside the dealer process.  Car Chex does this, and also does marketing for dealers.  Endurance, whose ads you may have seen on television, is actually an administrator.  On the dealer side, obviously, D2C marketers will offer whatever service contract is sold in the dealership.  The leaders here are APC and Dialog Direct.

The traditional tactics are telemarketing and direct mail, but there are some exciting new entrants.  The image above is from Tec Assured.  Their 2-8-28 contact program uses a combination of digital and phone messages directing the customer to a branded website.  The site handles credit cards and premium finance.  Instead of a call center, Tec Assured leverages the dealer’s BDC.

So, the ideal approach would be some Hegelian synthesis of the old and the new.  First, though, let’s talk about touchpoints:

  1. Second chance – this is around thirty days after the vehicle purchase, and the talk track is something like, “hope you’re enjoying the new car, and you forgot to buy a service contract.”
  2. Warranty expiration – this is a few months before the factory warranty expires. A postcard is traditional.  Directing the customer to your website, via digital marketing, is more modern.
  3. Service visit – dealers have the inside track here, because they can follow up a service visit with something like, “lucky thing that repair was covered.”

Thinking about these touchpoints, you can see the power of adding digital tactics to traditional D2C marketing.  You may also have noticed the eligibility issue and the financing issue, because the sale is happening outside the dealership and after vehicle purchase.

Servicecontract.com offers monthly subscription pricing, which may begin during the factory warranty period.  This means the customer is paying in advance for coverage that hasn’t started yet.  On the other hand, if the factory warranty is expired, then they require an inspection at Pep Boys or a 30-day waiting period.

Financing is key.  No one is going to buy a $2,000 service contract on their credit card.  This is why Dialog Direct is affiliated with Budco, a well-known premium finance provider.  APC also has a financing arm.  Servicecontract.com is essentially an innovative form of premium finance.

In my experience, the hardest piece to build is the call center and support infrastructure.  Whoever handles the finance contract has to support accounting, cancellations, and customer service.  Even if you’re not doing telemarketing, you still need a call center.

Digital marketing means using email, text, social, and retargeting to direct the customer to your website, following a contact program like Tec Assured.  As a Salesforce trailblazer, I would call this a “customer journey.”  The journey should be driven by some analytics, and culminate in the customer clicking a Personalized URL that links to the website.  The journey can also include phone contact and direct mail.

The website can change its skin to match the dealer’s branding, based on the PURL.  When I was at MenuVantage, we supported a dozen different brands, like GMAC’s IntelliMenu, all from a single code base.  The site UX will include the usual shopping and checkout features, along with sales tools like testimonials and TCO data – not unlike an F&I menu system.

Also like a menu system, the website must be able to originate contracts via API for whatever product provider the dealer chooses.  See my various posts on this topic, as here and here.

This is classic digital transformation.  The challengers bring new tactics, and these tactics will certainly become the norm.  The incumbents are well entrenched, though, and tactics can be copied.

Corona News Roundup

I spent my sequester time looking for smart people with fresh takes on the crisis.  First, in the “obvious” category: a lot of people got hurt, and dealers who could sell online got hurt a little less.  By the way, if you’re in need of some encouragement, click on over to Megadealer News and check out some of the philanthropic efforts underway.  I have been actively seeking positive news for my Twitter feed.

I like to frame this in terms of people developing new capabilities. 

Going forward, buyer behavior is going to change.  Some of this is an acceleration of existing trends.  Balaji Srinivasan writes that corona is putting an end to the Twentieth Century:

  • Offices → Remote work
  • Stadium sports → eSports
  • Movie theaters → Streaming
  • TV news → YouTube news
  • College → MOOCs
  • Public school → Internet homeschooling
  • Corporate journalism → Citizen journalism

He might have added socializing by video conference.  We had our kids staying with us, doing remote work by day, and Zoom parties in the evening.  I like to frame this in terms of people developing new capabilities.  Here is Andrew Tai talking about people in his neighborhood having groceries delivered for the first time.

I got to know Max Zanan from watching Joe St. John’s webcasts, talking about touchless car delivery and service pickup.  In a pandemic world, we are not just worried about dirt on the floormats.  Interior prophylaxis is part of the service.  Max also points out that, if you can’t sell service contracts in the dealership, you can still sell them Direct to Consumer.  This is something I know a little about, so maybe I’ll do another post just on that.

Ridership on New York’s transit system is down 90%, and experts say this could portend a permanent change in the mobility equation.  The alternative to a personal vehicle used to be public transit or, in drivable cities like Atlanta, ride hailing.  Both are good ways to get sick.

Guns, ammo, and survival gear sold out rapidly, as if everyone is suddenly a “prepper.”  I imagine these people will want to have their own vehicle, with four-wheel drive.  I can relate, because I lived in South Florida for many years.  You don’t want to be waiting on Uber when there’s a hurricane bearing down.

My last few findings are from the world of computer networking.  Infrastructure becomes a challenge when the dealership shifts to online work, notably network security.  Virus scanning and security procedures may not be up to speed when people are working from home.  Also, not all dealer software is web-based, so VPN access becomes a requirement.

Be safe out there.

Digitally Disrupting Dealer Systems

I hesitated to use the D word here.  So much of digital is normal, healthy evolution, that saying “disruption” is like crying wolf.  So, I will digress briefly into that discussion before presenting my thesis, which is: traditional dealer-system providers are about to be whipsawed bigly by digital retail.

According to Gartner, digital disruption is “an effect that changes the fundamental expectations and behaviors … through digital capabilities.”  This idea of changing expectations is echoed by Aaron Levie, to the effect that businesses “evolve based on assumptions that eventually become outdated.”

If your UI even vaguely resembles an airline cockpit, you’re doing it wrong – John Gruber

Another common theme in studies of digital disruption is that people will come from outside the industry, bringing new attitudes and techniques that incumbents can’t match – something I like to call “advanced alien technology.”

Modal’s Aaron Krane came from online sports betting, and famously wondered why there is no “buy now” button on the Mercedes-Benz web site.  Andy Moss of Roadster came from online fashion retail.  I think I am on solid ground arguing that DR pioneers bring something fundamentally different.

In fact, I can identify the baseline assumption which is now outdated.  In olden times, the user of auto retail software was an auto retail employee.  These were experts, executing an esoteric process, and they could be trained to deal with crappy user experience and disjointed workflow.

Today’s user is, of course, the car buyer.  A few years ago, I wrote that each of the six canonical tasks in DR would need a “buddy” on the dealer side, with which to share information.  For example, the website may disclose prices for protection products, and it would be nice to pull retail markup from the menu system.

It’s hard to believe how quickly DR has evolved.  Roadster had just launched Express Storefront when I wrote that article, and already the buddy system is dead.  If a car buyer can desk her own deal, at home in her pajamas, why use a different system in the dealership?

The advantages to using the same system in store and at home include trust, transparency, cost savings, and reduced demands on the salespeople.  The new generation of in-store DR means that salespeople can be experts in customer service (and cars) instead of complicated software.

This marks the culmination of important trends in auto retail, from “one experience” at Sonic to “single point of contact” at Schomp, and it should serve as a wakeup call to old-school software vendors. Digital retail will drive a gradual shift in dealer process, but a rapid one in software.

Digital Retail Taxonomy

The tech buzz at NADA this year was Digital Retail.  Tagrail has a new partnership, with dealer site provider Fox, and Moto showcased some of their OEM projects.  Roadster has an aggregation marketplace, which I’ll get to in a minute, and Modal (Drive) was conspicuously absent.  I hope they’re okay.

All dealer site providers are now claiming the hip acronym DR, including some that are way off the mark.  This week I want to cut through the clutter and taxonomize a bit.  We’ll see how well my predictions from five years ago have held up.

Dealers will migrate onto the most capable of the platform sites, and … the winning platforms will not be mere lead providers.

I am going to skip the consolidators and the used-car sites, to focus on DR solutions for franchised new car dealers.  That was the context for the earlier article (and the pull quote).  The grid above divides the DR space into four segments: True DR, Pivoters, TPC, and Marketplaces.

True Digital Retail

A true DR solution must handle the six canonical functions, do the paperwork online, and save the deal (not a lead) for use in the dealership.  True, not many customers will do the full process online, but you have to offer the capability.  Qualifying questions here are along the lines of “can you sell a service contract and book it online with the administrator?”

I don’t want to be pilloried for omitting someone, but my short list (when asked) goes: Roadster, Moto, Modal, Tagrail, AutoFi, and CarNow.  I can find CarNow dealers pretty easily online, paired with a variety of site providers.  Here in Atlanta, Ed Voyles is an example.

Pivoters

Anybody with a foothold in the dealer’s website is using it to pivot into DR.  The first group of pivoters are what I call “finance first” sites.  AutoGravity, DriveTime, and AutoFi are sites customers use to check their buying power before going into the dealership.  Based on intel from Ricart Ford, I would say that AutoFi has successfully pivoted into the DR segment.

Gubagoo is using their foothold in chat to pivot as “conversational commerce.”  SpinCar is adding protection products to their VDP real estate, which is right where they belong.  Even popular F&I menu Darwin is moving online with Darwin Direct.

Third Party Classifieds

My model for a marketplace is Autotrader plus its DR feature, Accelerate.  However, the other incumbents have not followed suit.  In fact, Cars.com “does not sell vehicles directly and is never a party to any transaction between buyers and sellers.”  This space is inhabited only by brave new entrants like Joydrive, GoGoCar, and Deliver My Ride.

As I wrote here, this model has plenty of challenges, like finding UX and services that will appeal to all dealers – not to mention the customers.  Dealers may prefer a simple clickthrough to their own DR solution.  This is the backdrop for Roadster’s Express Marketplace.

Roadster Marketplace

Roadster’s marketplace operates just like a TPC site.  It has the familiar VSP/VDP with faceted search, but then it segues into a full digital storefront.  The reference site I looked at, Cochran group in suburban Pittsburgh, lists 3,500 new vehicles in 18 makes, from 26 rooftops – with transparent pricing!

My first reaction, I have to say, was “Holy crap, they’ve actually done it!”  They have made their own private Autotrader.  Of course, the same market area lists ten times as many new cars on Autotrader but – funny thing – they all use Accelerate.  Competition is wonderful that way.

The arrows on my grid suggest some strategic directions:

  • Single-function solutions will pivot to become storefronts. AutoFi is an example.
  • Third-party sites will add DR functionality. Accelerate is an example.
  • As storefronts grow to serve dealer groups, they will tend toward marketplaces.

I guess the only remaining frontier would be for two unaffiliated groups to cooperate on a single platform, as I wrote in Toward a Digital Auto Marketplace, maybe in contiguous nonoverlapping markets.  The eCommerce term is “coopetition.”  Or, maybe Accelerate will gain some traction.

Schrödinger’s Combo Product

NADA has recently published a model policy for properly selling F&I products, i.e., without running afoul of the Attorney General.  It includes the disclosure formerly known as the AutoNation Pledge, and a new procedure which seems to be taking the place of the old-school waiver form.  I say “seems” because there is no mention of the old form, which I believe has something to do with nuclear physicist Erwin Schrödinger.

Prior to the sale of a VPP, the Dealership will request the customer’s acknowledgement of the election to purchase or decline each selected VPP or VPP bundle.

As everyone knows, subatomic particles exist in an indeterminate state until they are pinned down by measurement.  For example, if you have a radioactive isotope of Cesium, you can’t tell whether it has decayed until you aim your Geiger counter at it.  Not only can you not tell what state the atom is in, it is not definitely in any state until you measure it.

To show how this contrasts with traditional physics, Schrödinger proposed the following thought experiment.  Imagine there is a cat in a box with the Cesium rigged to kill the cat when it decays.  According to the Uncertainty Principle, the cat is both alive and dead at the same time.

Similarly, the F&I waiver requires each product to be either accepted or declined.  You bought the dent protection, so it prints in the green column, but you turned down roadside assistance.  It prints in the red column.  To save a few dollars, you are willing to leave your family stranded.  Please sign here to confirm.

But what if dent and roadside – and key and windshield – are part of the same bundle?  You only bought one of the components, so it would be misleading to print it in the green column.  On the other hand, you are not going to confirm declining the bundle, because you did buy part of it.  So, in which column does this product belong?

Here are some ideas:

  • The menu system should account for the child products and print them individually on the waiver. It should also count them separately as product sales.
  • The menu system should print the coverage description, and the coverage description should state which components were accepted.
  • Providers should offer bundles all or nothing, and not allow them to be split up.

Unlike Schrödinger, you will not win the Nobel Prize for solving this one – but you can provide some guidance to your fellow F&I practitioners.  Click the link below to register your answer.

REST Primer for F&I

I have worked with more than a few APIs, both “F” and “I” – pretty much all of the product APIs, plus the original open standard for credit applications – and I write about them occasionally.  See here, here, and here.  Mostly these have been SOAP, but REST is the standard for a growing community of digital retail players.

The first thing you need to know about REST is that it’s not synonymous with JSON.  If you get this wrong, you can produce a really bad API.  I saw one once, where the developers had simply converted all their old XML payloads to JSON.  You could tell because every call was a POST, even the rate requests.

Why is JavaScript more successful on the Web than Java? It certainly isn’t because of its technical quality as a language – Roy Fielding

The key to REST, as you can read in Roy Fielding’s dissertation, is making appropriate use of the Web’s native HTTP environment.  Practically, this means knowing a little bit about HTTP and how to use its commands, URLs, parameters, and headers.  For a concise guide, see The REST API Design Handbook by George Reese.

Philosophically, it means thinking about your API in terms of resources and not services.  This is completely different from SOAP APIs, which are called web services.  For example:

  • GET rates from a product provider, but
  • POST a new contract, and then
  • PUT status codes on the contract to void or remit

Fielding’s achievement was not only to define the REST style, but to derive the style from a specific set of requirements: stateless, client-server, code on demand, etc.  If you have ever wondered why JavaScript has become so popular, it is because JavaScript satisfies the code on demand requirement.

When you build a RESTful API, you should never break existing client code. Really, never. You don’t deprecate – George Reese

The URL in a REST call looks like a path, so you can do groovy things like:

  • GET /rates/{dealer} – gets all applicable rates for this dealer
  • GET /rates/{dealer}/{product} – gets only one product
  • GET /rates/{dealer}/{product}/GOLD – gets only the Gold coverage
  • GET /text/{dealer}/{product}/GOLD – gets the rich text description for Gold

For some live examples you can run right now, check out the NHTSA Vehicle API.  It has many handy methods like:

  • /vehicles/DecodeVin/{VIN}
  • /vehicles/DecodeVinExtended/{VIN}
  • /vehicles/GetAllMakes
  • /vehicles/GetEquipmentPlantCodes/{Year}

Note that you are making the request with straight HTTP and a query string, and you can have the response as JSON, CSV, or XML.  The NHTSA site will also show you the headers, the raw data, and formatted data.  Your tax dollars at work.  You should also check out the Edmunds API, VinSolutions, and Fortellis.

  • //api.edmunds.com/api/vehicle/v2/vins/{VIN}
  • //api.vinsolutions.com/leads/id/{LeadId}
  • //api.fortellis.io/vehicles/reference/v4/vehicle-specifications/vins/{VIN}

These are all examples you can emulate if you’re just getting started.  In particular, I recommend studying how they handle authentication and versioning.  Note how they’re organized around resources and, if you have an OO mindset, think of your objects first.  You will also want to look at platform tools like Swagger and MuleSoft.